The Importance of the Pell Grant to Educational Attainment
At College Now, we say it all the time: educational attainment is one of the most critical issues facing us as a community. In its 2005 report Altered States: A Perspective on 75 Years of State Income Growth, the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland found that, over time, two levers that are directly correlated to regional economic health are the number of patents and the number of degrees in a particular region. It is no surprise, then, why Ohio struggles economically when you consider that it ranks 38th in the nation in educational attainment. The Ohio Department of Higher Education estimates that 64 percent of Ohio’s jobs will require a postsecondary credential or degree by 2020, and with only 37 percent of Ohio adults holding an associate’s degree or higher, it is easy to see that we have a lot of ground to cover in order to meet the future demand for skilled workers.
A major obstacle preventing more Ohioans from pursuing higher education is the cost. A 2016 study by the Penn Graduate School of Education and Vanderbilt University’s Peabody College found that Ohio is the 45th least affordable state in which to go to college. Yes, you read that right. There are only five states in the entire country where postsecondary education is a more expensive undertaking than it is in Ohio. This is due, in large part, to many years of decreased state funding for higher education. Ohio colleges and universities, in response to receiving less money from the state, annually increased tuition and fees to cover their costs, making it increasingly difficult for students from low-income backgrounds to make up the difference.
Despite the lack of state funding for higher education, since 1972, low-income students could rely on financial support from the Federal Pell Grant. The Pell Grant is an important piece of the financial aid puzzle for low-income students, often making the difference between a student being able to enroll in a postsecondary program, or not. Here are some interesting facts about the Pell Grant:
- According to the Pell Institute, the Pell Grant has helped over 60 million students pursue higher education since its inception.
- According to the National College Access Network (NCAN), nearly 8 million students (or one-third of all college undergraduates) benefitted from the Pell Grant in 2015-16.
- The Institute for College Access and Success estimates that 60 percent of African American and 50 percent of Hispanic undergraduates benefit from the Pell Grant.
- The College Board reports that despite the fact that the allocation for the Pell Grant nearly doubled between 2008 and 2015 to $30.3 billion, its purchasing power has diminished as the cost of tuition outpaces the inflation rate. According to a study by the Pell Institute, in 1975-76, the Pell Grant covered 67 percent of college tuition; in 2012-13, the Pell Grant covered 27 percent.
For low-income students, the Pell Grant is the glue that holds higher education financial aid together, even though it covers less of the cost of attendance (by a lot) than it did 40 years ago. Despite its importance as a tool for increasing college access among low-income students, the Pell Grant is an endangered species. As Congress works to balance the budget, the Pell Grant finds itself on the chopping block year after year, putting 8 million students at risk of losing financial aid.
How can you help? This week, NCAN is implementing its #Thankful4Pell campaign, aimed at letting our Congressional leaders know just how important the Pell Grant is and the impact it makes. You can make your voice heard – as an individual or as an organization – by clicking the campaign link above and contacting your representatives in Congress. They make it easy for you – all you have to do is choose from their email or social media templates – or write your own – and put in your contact information. Their system automatically finds your reps and sends them your messages.
If you or someone you know is #Thankful4Pell, like we are at College Now, please support this campaign to ensure its future.
A Pre-Thanksgiving Checklist for High School Seniors
It’s the beginning of November, and if you’re a high school senior, you’re busy with school, extracurricular activities, oh, and figuring out what you’re going to do next year. No big deal, right? For many high school seniors, Fall is an overwhelming time, full of items that need to be crossed off of lists and boxes that need to be checked before graduation in the spring.
We’re here to simplify things for you with a quick checklist of “must do before Thanksgiving” items.
- Take the ACT or SAT one more time if you need to. Why? Because higher scores mean more financial aid at many schools. Don’t leave money on the table. Brush up on your vocabulary and math, take the test one more time and send the scores to your schools. It can save you thousands of dollars in the long run!
- Finalize your list of schools and, if you haven’t already, plan to visit them! Now is the time to get organized. Do some soul-searching about which schools are the best fit for you academically, socially, financially, etc. And, if you haven’t seen all of them in person yet, do your best to try. Having an opportunity to physically be on campus is an important experience and will help you make a good decision.
- If you can’t get to campus (and even if you can), try to find some students to talk to about their experience. Students who graduated from your high school or students who are majoring in what you intend to study are great resources about what college life is really like both in general and on that campus.
- Complete the FAFSA. We cannot stress this enough. COMPLETE THE FAFSA! The Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) is the gateway to financial aid. Nearly all types of financial aid – both need- and merit-based – are awarded to students who complete the FAFSA. Even if you think you don’t qualify, COMPLETE THE FAFSA! The FAFSA opened on October 1 for the first time this year so schools can award financial aid earlier and students can make better decisions. Read more about this change in our previous blog post.
- Apply to the colleges on your list. There are many ways to do so. Many schools accept the Common App, making it easy to apply to a number of schools with one application. You can also apply Early Decision or Early Action, programs that allow you to receive an admissions decision earlier in the process. Our most recent blog broke down these options. Check it out for more information.
- Register with the NCAA Clearinghouse if you plan on participating in collegiate athletics. This is important for a few reasons. First and foremost, the Clearinghouse audits student athletes’ transcripts to ensure they are eligible to play at the collegiate level. Second, the Clearinghouse is where college coaches find eligible student athletes.
- Request your transcripts and recommendations. All college applications require these, and each school (high schools and colleges alike) has different policies for requesting and receiving transcripts and recommendations, so make sure you carefully follow the policies outlined by your schools!
- Apply for scholarships. We know you just worked really hard to get your college applications completed and submitted, but you aren’t finished yet! Spend a couple of weeks working on scholarship applications. Yes, you’ll have to write a few more essays now, but it could mean writing fewer student loan repayment checks after you graduate! We update a number of external scholarship databases on our web site at least once a month. Start there!
These are the tasks that need to be prioritized for completion by Thanksgiving of your senior year. If you need help with anything on this list, feel free to reach out to the College Now advisor in your school or make an appointment in our Resource Center by calling 216.635.0151 or emailing firstname.lastname@example.org.
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